Partial vs. Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Naples, FL
Affecting almost every aspect of daily life, including standing and walking, knee pain can be very debilitating. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, the knee is the most common cause of knee pain. Although osteoarthritis typically affects only one knee joint, a small number of patients may sustain damage to both the left and right knee.
Depending on the location and severity of the joint damage, osteoarthritis can affect one or more components of the knee. Dr. Kurtis Biggs, the founder of The Joint Replacement Institute, specializes in many types of treatments for knee arthritis, including partial and total knee replacement.
Partial Knee Replacement SurgeryDue to recent surgical advancements, patients suffering from knee pain resulting from damage to one compartment of the joint now have a specialized treatment option, known as partial knee replacement.
Partial knee replacement, also known as unicompartmental knee replacement, is often the best orthopaedic option for patients who do not have damage to a large percentage of the knee joint. Other factors that will influence Dr. Biggs’ treatment recommendation include the location, type, and severity of damage.
Dr. Biggs will typically use minimally invasive surgical techniques during partial knee replacement surgery. During the procedure, the damaged areas are first removed from the affected compartment. Next, metal coverings are secured to the ends of the femur and tibia with a plastic component inserted in between to allow for smooth movement.
Partial knee replacement surgery has several potential advantages, including:
- Smaller incisions and decreased muscle disruption due to the use of minimally invasive techniques
- Less post-operative pain and a shorter hospital stay
- More natural feeling during movement
- Quicker return to daily activities
Total Knee Replacement SurgeryDr. Biggs will often recommend total knee replacement surgery to patients who have damaged to multiple compartments of the knee joint, have lost the majority of joint mobility, or are unable to relieve symptoms through more conservative treatments. In order to restore pain free movement, total knee replacement surgery is frequently the best solution for patients suffering from advanced osteoarthritis.
Total knee replacement surgery involves the removal and replacement of all three of the knee components with a prosthetic implant. To provide patients with the best treatment, Dr. Biggs is an advocate for, as well as one of the foremost experts in, using either custom-fit or gender specific implants to replace the damaged joint.
Custom-fit knee replacements are designed to match the natural knee joint as closely possible.Gender-specific implants are designed to match the fit the specific contours of either the male or female knee joint, to create a more natural feel.
The benefits of using custom fit or gender-specific prosthetics include:
- Improved wear characteristics of the joint
- Longer lifespan of the implant
- Better fit of the prosthetic
Custom-fit and gender-specific knee replacement procedures are performed in the same way as traditional total knee replacement, with the exception of the type of prosthetic implant used.