Total Joint Surgery

Total joint surgery is a procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with an artificial joint, which is designed to move just like a healthy joint.

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Foot and Ankle Surgery

The surgeons at the Joint Replacement Institute bring together many years of experience to diagnose and treat even the most complex foot and ankle conditions for patients of all ages.

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Sports Medicine

Even if you're in great shape, sports related injuries could occur when you least expect it. The goal of the doctors and staff at Joint Replacement Institute is to help athletes recover from injuries as quickly and safely as possible.

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Knee Surgery | Naples, South Florida

Knee surgery is commonly performed to alleviate patients of the painful symptoms of osteoarthritis, as well as many common sports injuries, including ACL tears and meniscal tears. While conservative treatments are always preferred for treating musculoskeletal problems, surgical intervention often poses the best solution to properly alleviate patients of their pain and restore joint function.

Dr. Kurtis Biggs, founder and head orthopaedic surgeon of Naples' Joint Replacement Institute, is one of the nation's leading orthopedists. Dr. Biggs utilizes innovative techniques, such as computer-assisted surgery and MAKOplasty® knee replacement technology, to provide patients with the safest, most comfortable solutions for their knee pain. Learn more about Dr. Biggs and schedule an appointment at his Naples, South Florida office to evaluate your knee pain.

Anatomy of the Knee

The knee is the largest joint in the human body, and is made up of four main bones, as well as many ligaments and cartilaginous material. The joint itself is comprised of three bones: the tibia (shin bone) connects to the femur (thigh bone), and is covered by the patella (kneecap). A fourth bone, called the fibula, runs parallel to the tibia, and helps support the knee joint. Four ligaments within the knee joint provide the joint with greater stability, limiting range of motion and overextension by controlling the amount of rotation the joint performs. The ligaments in the knee include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), as well as the medial collaterial ligament (MCL). A "C"-shaped piece of tissue called the meniscus rests within the knee joint, acting as a shock absorber to cushion the joint during motion, such as running or jumping during sports.

Commonly Performed Knee Surgery Procedures

The knee is one of the most frequently injured joints, and is commonly repaired using safe surgical procedures that are minimally invasive by nature. These minimally invasive approaches improve upon traditional open surgery, and helps restore the function of the knee joint. Knee surgery can be performed for simple sports injuries, such as repairing a torn meniscus, as well as more advanced orthopaedic conditions, such as osteoarthritis.

The most commonly performed knee surgery procedures include:

  • Knee Arthroscopy
  • ACL Repair
  • Partial Knee Replacement
  • Custom Fit Knee Replacement
  • Gender Specific Knee Replacement
Knee surgery should only be considered if conservative treatments have failed to sufficiently alleviate the patient's pain. These conservative treatments include, but are not limited to: cortisone injections into the joint, physical therapy, and lifestyle modification.

It is always best to speak with an orthopaedic surgeon before diagnosing a musculoskeletal condition – make an appointment at Dr. Biggs' Naples, South Florida office for a comprehensive evaluation of your knee joint problem.

Knee Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive approach to treating orthopaedic injuries, and is one of the most common surgical procedures utilized to treat the knee joint. Knee arthroscopy, also known as "scoping the knee," allows the orthopaedic surgeon to repair damaged ligaments and cartilage in the knee utilizing fiber-optic technology. During an arthroscopic knee surgery, the surgeon inserts a camera, called an arthroscope, into a small incision to that sends images from within the joint to a computer monitor for viewing. Next, the surgeon makes a second small incision to insert the operating instruments and perform the procedure. Knee arthroscopy typically requires less anesthesia prior to the surgery, and gives many potential benefits, including reduced scarring as well as shorter post-operative recovery time.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

ACL tears are one of the most common sports injuries in America affecting athletes' knees. When the ACL is torn or stretched beyond its means, the knee loses strength and stability. ACL tear sufferers usually experience the sensation that the knee has "given out" from underneath them. This sensation is accompanied by a "popping" sound, with significant pain and swelling to follow. During an ACL repair surgery, the surgeon takes a small graft of another ligament and uses it to mend the gap between the two torn sides of the damaged ACL.

Because ACL tears are typically sustained during sports activity, surgeons prefer repairing the ACL through arthroscopic means. Arthroscopy allows athletes to get back on the playing field much more quickly than open knee surgery.

Partial Knee Replacement

Also known as unicompartmental knee replacement, partial knee replacement is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows the doctor to preserve the healthy compartments of the knee and minimize the impact of the surgery. Partial knee replacement is a solution for patients suffering from arthritis, in which the degenerative bone condition is compartmentalized and limited to only a portion of the knee. Benefits of minimally invasive partial knee replacement include reduced wear, smaller incisions, and quicker recovery time.

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Gender Specific Knee Replacement

Until recently, total knee replacement surgery has been performed with the same prosthetic pieces for all patients, ignoring the subtle differences between the bones of men and women. While total knee replacement has been successful in alleviating pain and improving patients' function, a "one-size-fits-all" approach to knee replacement does not represent the best solution for every patient. Because men and women have different bone structures, implant manufacturers such as Stryker® Orthopaedics have developed knee implants that fit the contours and body types of both genders. These gender-specific knee replacements give each recipient a knee implant that fits his or her body's anatomy more closely, and feels more like a natural knee.

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Custom Fit Knee Replacement

When the deteriorating effects of arthritis or other previous injuries become too painful to perform routine activities, knee replacement surgery may be the best option to reduce the debilitating symptoms associated with the degenerative condition. Custom fit knee replacements are designed to ensure that the new replacement joint can function as closely to a natural knee joint as possible. Dr. Biggs is an advocate of custom knee replacement, and is one of the foremost experts in the South Florida region performing this innovative procedure.

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