Recent advancements in knee surgery have given surgeons a new method for treating patients suffering from extremely debilitating conditions, such as osteoarthritis of the knee. Gender-specific knee replacements, as well as custom-fit knee replacements, offer patients a knee prosthetic that feels more like their original knee, allowing for increased range of motion, greater stability, and an increased prosthetic lifespan. Additionally, MAKOplasty®, a minimally invasive partial knee replacement procedure, allows patients to almost completely forgo the recovery period and return to their active lifestyle sometimes in less than a week.
The innovative MAKOplasty® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System allows surgeons to create precisely fitted custom implants tailored to each patient's unique needs. Using 3D imaging technology, the patient's joint is precisely measured to create a custom insert that replicates the original bone. Recovery time is significantly decreased and the implant behaves more like the original joint due to its scientifically precise custom fit.
Total knee replacement is indicated for patients who have not responded favorably to more conservative treatments, such as RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation), physical therapy, or pain medication. Cortisone injections into the knee, intended to reduce inflammation and pain in the knee joint, may not have lasting benefits for all patients. Other patients may even undergo arthroscopic surgery to remove floating debris in the joint without sufficiently reducing knee pain. In these cases, knee replacement is indicated.
Knee replacement is often the only option for patients suffering from crippling knee pain, whether it is due to degenerative osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or a traumatic injury that significantly damages the knee's cartilage and bone. By removing the diseased or damaged knee joint and replacing it with a prosthetic implant, surgeons can sufficiently alleviate a patient's joint pain, allowing them to walk and move with greater ease.
Many patients, however, put off joint replacement surgery because of the potential limitations associated with a prosthetic joint. Recipients of a prosthetic knee replacement may be required to modify sleep habits, or put less strain on the knees in general. Additionally, the post-operative recovery time makes patients feel as though living with knee pain is a simpler option. Because of the perceived drawbacks, patients may go years with a diseased knee joint, keeping them from enjoying hobbies and routine activities.
Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery provides patients with numerous benefits over traditional open surgery. Minimally invasive knee surgery requires a much smaller incision for the surgeon to perform the procedure. The smaller incision lends itself to reduced scarring, less blood loss, and a vastly reduced recovery time. While most patients are able to put weight on the new joint immediately after surgery, it is best to consult the attending orthopedic surgeon before attempting to stand or apply pressure.
Dr. Kurtis Biggs is a nationally renowned orthopedic surgeon and instructor, teaching and advancing new minimally invasive techniques for the hip and knee. Dr. Biggs continues to advance orthopedic surgery, providing consultation and advising for new technology. Bringing his unique approach to orthopedics to Naples, Dr. Biggs proudly serves the South Florida region, including Golden Gate, Bonita Springs, Fort Myers, and Port Charlotte.
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