Total Joint Surgery

Total joint surgery is a procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with an artificial joint, which is designed to move just like a healthy joint.

Learn more about Total Joint Surgery »

Foot and Ankle Surgery

The surgeons at the Joint Replacement Institute bring together many years of experience to diagnose and treat even the most complex foot and ankle conditions for patients of all ages.

Learn more about Foot and Ankle Surgery »

Sports Medicine

Even if you're in great shape, sports related injuries could occur when you least expect it. The goal of the doctors and staff at Joint Replacement Institute is to help athletes recover from injuries as quickly and safely as possible.

Learn more about Sports Medicine »

Hammertoe Treatment in South Florida

Hammertoe is a condition caused by an imbalance of the muscles and ligaments surrounding the joint in a toe. Muscle and ligament imbalance causes an increase in pressure placed on the middle toe joint. As pressure increases the toe bends inward and stiffens, to the point of joint immobility. Women are more prone to develop this condition than men, due to the wearing of high heels. Hammertoe most often affects the little toe, but can occur in any toe.

Anatomy of the Foot

Each foot has 28 bones and over 30 joints. The foot is composed of three sections; the forefoot, the midfoot, and the hindfoot. Five long bones (metatarsals) and five toes (phalanges) form the forefoot. The toe joints, also known as the metatarsophalangeal joints, are formed where the metatarsals and the toes (phalanges) meet. The midfoot is composed of three arches. The arches in each foot provide stability, flexibility, and support the weight of the body during movement.

Hammertoe Treatment Options

If diagnosed early and if the toe is still flexible, hammertoes can often be corrected without surgery. Non-surgical treatments for hammertoe, include:

  • Wearing soft, roomy shoes
  • Addition of shoe cushions
  • Daily toe exercises to help stretch and strengthen the stiff muscles
  • Non-medicated corn pads
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen
  • Taping or wrapping of the foot

However, if left untreated, the affected toe can become permanently deformed and will require surgery.

Hammertoe Surgery

For patients suffering from permanent toe deformation, Dr. Weaver will often suggest surgery to alleviate pain and restore joint flexibility. Surgical treatment options include arthroplasty, arthrodesis, and tendon transfer. Arthroplasty involves the removal of part of the bone joint. Arthrodesis, or joint fusion, involves removing part of the affected toe joint and fusing the remaining bones of the joint into a straight position. Tendon transfer involves cutting or moving the tendon surrounding the joint to relieve pressure and restore flexibility.

Hammertoe Treatment in South Florida

Dr. Jamie Weaver is a board-certified podiatrist who provides unparalleled treatment to patients in the Southwest Florida area. Dr. Weaver works with patients on an individual basis to provide specialized and state of the art care. To learn more about hammertoe causes and treatment options, contact Dr. Weaver at the Joint Replacement Institute’s Naples office, (239) 261-2663.