Foot & Ankle Surgery
Foot Pain Specialties
The foot is a complex structure made up of 26 bones and 33 joints, all connected through a network of muscles, ligaments, and nerves. With each step taken, the foot experience excessive force from carrying the weight of the body, oftentimes leading to painful injuries that are accelerated by natural wear-and-tear.
Two of the most common injuries causing foot pain include plantar fasciitis and hammertoe disorder. These conditions can be caused by sports injuries, improper footwear, and everyday wear-and-tear. Foot pain typically presents itself in three different positions: the toes (phalanges), the front of the foot (forefoot), and at the back of the foot (hind foot).
Foot Pain Treatment in Bonita Springs, South Florida
Dr. Jamie Weaver specializes in the treatment of foot and ankle pathologies, and prides herself in offering complete patient care utilizing state-of-the-art treatment options and surgical techniques. As a firm believer in patient education, Dr. Weaver strives to inform her patients in the diagnoses, available treatment options, and patient expectations.Find out more about the Joint Replacement Institute's Naples office »
The plantar fascia is a thick tissue band that runs the length of the foot, giving it a natural arch. If the plantar fascia is used excessively, inflammation can occur, along with irritation when walking. The condition is usually worse in the morning, and may improve throughout the course of the day.
Risk Factors for Plantar Fasciitis
Most commonly, active men between the ages of 40 and 70 are most at risk of developing plantar fasciitis. Additionally, overweight patients, and those with arch problems (including flat footedness and high arches), are at high risk of developing the condition. Shoes with little or no arch support can also put patients at risk of developing plantar fasciitis.
Plantar Fasciitis Treatment
As with any musculoskeletal condition, conservative treatment methods are preferred to surgical intervention. Nonsurgical treatment options for plantar fasciitis include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), heel stretching exercises, and RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). Additionally, cortisone injections into the foot can provide lasting relief for a number of patients; however, because many patients find it painful, cortisone injection treatment is not for everyone.
Hammertoe is a condition that forces the affected toe into a bent position at the middle joint. The condition is usually brought about by improper footwear that narrows at the forefoot and applies pressure to the toes. Hammertoes can be corrected at an early stage when the toe is still flexible; however, if left untreated, the toe can become permanently deformed and will require surgery to correct.
Hammertoe treatment begins conservatively, by replacing old shoes causing discomfort with soft, roomy shoes that allow the toes more room. Performing toe exercises prescribed by an orthopaedic doctor can also help stretch and strengthen the stiff muscles in the foot causing pain. Additionally, cushions and non-medicated corn pads can relieve the pain that is associated with hammertoe disorder.
Before beginning any treatment regimen, it is best to speak with an orthopaedic doctor or podiatrist.
For patients whose hammertoe has become permanently bent, surgical intervention may be required to alleviate painful and immobilizing hammertoe conditions. Dr. Weaver typically performs the procedure on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to return home after the surgery.
Surgical options for hammertoes include tendon transfer, arthrodesis, and arthroplasty. Tendon transfer involves re-routing the tendon from under the toe to the top of the toe to correct the position. Arthrodesis involves fusing the affected toe joint to force it into a straight position. Arthroplasty, or joint replacement, involves removing the bone and inserting an implant that imitates the toe.